Botanical Name: Pinus sylvestris
Part Used: Needles
Process: Steam distillation
The stately Scotch (or Scots) Pine joins the rest of the tree populations acting as the lungs of the earth by exhaling oxygen; it also exudes the refreshing aroma of its essential oil and gifts us with the scent of cool, exhilarating mountain air to strengthen and cleanse our lungs.
Plant Description: Native to Europe and Asia, including Scotland, Ireland, Portugal, Spain, France, Sweden, Norway, Finland, east to eastern Siberia, north to well inside the Arctic Circle and south to the Caucasus Mountains. Cultivated in eastern USA, Europe, Russia, the Baltic States and Scandinavia. Pinus sylvestris is an evergreen coniferous tree that grows to a height of 145 feet; mature trees have long, straight trunks topped with a rounded or flat-topped mass of foliage and can live to the age of over 700 years. It is the only pine native to northern Europe and is the national tree of Scotland. Pine needle essential oil originating in north and central Europe is preferred by the perfume industry. The finest Scotch Pine essential oil is steam distilled from the new shoots and needles only.
Oil Description: Nearly colorless to pale yellow mobile liquid, with a strong, fresh, dry-balsamic, resin- or turpentine-like aroma.
Historical/Traditional Uses: Dioscorides, a Greek physician of the 1st century, and Galen, a Roman physician (of Greek ethnicity) of the 2nd century both recommended a tea of boiled pine cones with horehound and honey to clear lingering coughs and for the cleansing effect on the lungs. The tall, unbranched trunks of Scotch Pines were the preferred source of masts for sailing ships. American Indians used the young growing tips (high in Vitamin C) to prevent scurvy, probably by brewing a tea, and combined them with juniper and cedar branches for smudging purposes in sacred rituals and to purify and sanctify their living quarters and sweat lodges. Dried pine needles were also used to stuff mattresses, due to the scents ability to keep bed bugs such as lice and fleas at bay.
Applications (Uses and Indications): In aromatherapy, Scotch Pine essential oil is primarily known for its action on the lungs. It is a very powerful pulmonary antiseptic and is indicated, by steam inhalation, for chronic lung and respiratory issues such as bronchitis, pneumonia, coughs, sinusitis, and sore throats. It is also indicated for urinary tract infections, muscular pain, poor circulation, arthritis, fatigue, and nervous exhaustion. The trees strong will to live is captured in its scent and imparts courage, strength and self-confidence. In perfumery, Scotch Pine is a middle note that blends well with bergamot and other citrus oils, cedarwood, cinnamon, clove, cypress, eucalyptus, frankincense, ho wood, juniper, lavender, lemon, marjoram, myrtle, niaouli, oakmoss, rosemary ct cineol, sage, spikenard, tea tree, thyme, and vetiver.
Contraindications (Safety and Precautions): Scotch Pine essential oil is non-toxic, non-irritating (except in concentration), and possibly sensitizing. Best to use well diluted and avoid in cases of sensitive skin or pre-existing skin allergies.
Standard Safety Precautions: Always dilute essential oils before using. Keep essential oils out of the eyes and mucous membranes; in case of contact, DO NOT use water, instead place a drop or two of vegetable oil on a tissue to gently wipe out of eye or off area of contact. In severe cases, seek professional help immediately. Keep out of the reach of children. In case of ingestion, call 911 immediately.
The FDA has not evaluated the statements on this website. No claims are made as to any medicinal value of this or any products from Ancient Ways Botanicals. The information presented here is for educational purposes of traditional uses and is not intended to prevent, diagnose, treat, or cure any disease. For external use only. You are responsible for understanding the safe application of these products.