Botanical Name: Coriandrum sativum
Part Used: Seeds
Process: Steam distilled
Plant Description: Native to southeastern Europe, the Middle East, and southwestern Asia; grows wild and is cultivated all over the world: Europe, Russia, northern Africa, India, Mexico, Central and South America, etc. Naturalized in North America. Distillation occurs mainly in Eastern Europe and Russia. Coriandrum sativum is an annual plant that grows to a height of 24 – 34 inches, with leaves broadly lobed on the lower part of the plant and slender and feathery on the flowering stems of the upper part. Umbels of dainty pink and white flowers produce seeds (actually fruits) that are dry and hard when ripe. The seeds are crushed just prior to distillation.
Oil Description: Colorless to pale yellow liquid with a sweet, woody, dry spicy and slightly musky aroma, a balsamic undertone and a suave, peppery-woody top note.
Historical/Traditional Uses: Coriander’s history goes back thousands of years the seeds were found in the tombs of Tutankhamen and Ramses II, and the plant was eaten as a bitter herb during the Jewish Passover. It is mentioned in the Bible, all the medieval pharmacopeias, and by early Sanskrit writers. Ancient Egyptians drank a mixture of Coriander seeds and fresh garlic steeped in wine as an aphrodisiac. It was used by Hippocrates and other Greek physicians, thus its medicinal values were passed on to the Romans, who in turn introduced this spice to Europe. In spite of Corianders reputation as an aphrodisiac, 14th century Carmelite nuns at the Abbey of St. Just prepared a toilet water using Coriander seeds that remained popular for the next four centuries. (A peculiar choice as a fragrance; the secret was to blend these strongly scented seeds with other aromatic plant materials, various spices, lemon balm, and lemon peels distilled in alcohol.)
Applications (Uses and Indications): In aromatherapy, Coriander seed essential oil is indicated for arthritis, muscular aches and pains, poor circulation, fluid retention, migraine headaches, flatulence, anorexia, nausea, digestive disorders, urinary tract infections, internal parasites, low energy, and mental fatigue. Emotionally uplifting, Coriander imbues a sense of peace and security, and at the same time spontaneity and passion, thus it is ideally suited for creative individuals who find it difficult to cope with predictability and routine. In perfumery, Coriander seed is considered a top to middle note with excellent fixative qualities that blends well bergamot, black pepper, caraway, cardamom, cinnamon, citronella, clary sage, clove, cypress, fennel and other spice oils, frankincense, galbanum, ginger, jasmine, lemon, melissa, neroli, orange, peppermint, petitgrain, pine, rose, sandalwood, and tea tree.
Contraindications (Safety and Precautions): Coriander seed essential oil is generally non toxic, non-irritating and non-sensitizing. Avoid during pregnancy; use in moderation can be stupefying in large doses or with prolonged inhalation.
Standard Safety Precautions: Always dilute essential oils before using. Keep essential oils out of the eyes and mucous membranes; in case of contact, DO NOT use water, instead place a drop or two of vegetable oil on a tissue to gently wipe out of eye or off area of contact. In severe cases, seek professional help immediately. Keep out of the reach of children. In case of ingestion, call 911 immediately.
The FDA has not evaluated the statements on this website. No claims are made as to any medicinal value of this or any products from Ancient Ways Botanicals. The information presented here is for educational purposes of traditional uses and is not intended to prevent, diagnose, treat, or cure, any disease. For external use only. You are responsible for understanding the safe application of these products.